When I completed my studies in Naturopathy and Clinical Nutrition, I found that clients were seeking my services for weight control. I began to work with the knowledge that I had picked up from studies on this subject, but to my disappointment, and that of my clients, we were not very successful initially.
2. The Thyroid
3. Food Intolerances
4. Nutritional Deficiencies
6. Insulin Resistance
In 1930 two American doctors, Newburgh and Johnson, of the University of Michigan, suggested in one of their papers “obesity results from a diet too high in calories, rather than any metabolic deficiency.” This theory is called the “Calorie Theory”. Modern science now knows that the calorie theory has no standing and is truly illogical. It certainly does not explain how some people can eat 4,000 to 5,000 calories daily and not be obese in 4 to 5 years, while others can eat 800 calories daily and still put on weight. Also, how was it that prisoners in Nazi concentration camps managed to survive for almost 5 years on 700-800 calories a day, without withering and dying.
The calorie theory is based on the assumption that there is no loss of energy. It is purely mathematical, drawn directly from Lavoisier’s theory on the laws of thermodynamics. But it is not as simple as this, as many of you who have tried deiting will know. How many times have you tried to diet by reducing calories, only to find that you were putting on weight, or had stabilized after a few weeks? Certainly something funny is happening here, and this certainly cannot be explained by the calorie theory, which is now part of the syllabus of most Western medical schools, and appears to have taken root there. This theory has helped to create a new and growing profession – the dieticians, but unfortunately, to their disappointment and that of their patients, they are finding that they are failing miserably.
It is common knowledge that most of the weight loss programmes that involve calorie reduction are doomed to failure. Many research studies show that about 90% of all weight-loss clients return to their original weight after about six months, and this is confirmed daily by my patients.
• 15% of obese people eat too much (2,800-4,000 calories)
• 35% of fat people eat normally (2,000-2,700 calories)
• 50% of fat people eat little (800-1,500 calories).
So again we see that scientific studies show that there is no significant correlation between overweight and energy intake. It has also been shown that the body will adapt to the low calorie intake by going into “survival mode”, by conserving energy in order to maintain body weight. The less you eat, the harder your body tries to retain fat. Experiments have shown that animals eating one meal a day become obese, while those receiving 5-6 meals spread throughout the day kept to an optimum
In fact, low-calorie, commercial diets stimulate the body to accumulate fat. First, your body increases the quantity and activity of an enzyme called lipoprotein lipase, the main enzyme it uses to collect and store fat. Second, it slows your basal metabolic rate, further reducing your ability to burn fat. These two defence mechanisms continue for weeks after you stop the diet, in the meantime it is grabbing and replacing every molecule of fat that it can find!
HOW TOXINS CAN INHIBIT WEIGHT LOSS!
Most of the people that come to me for weight loss also suffer from other ailments. If they do not have a diagnosable disease, they usually suffer from tiredness, lethargy, a `heavy’ feeling, digestive problems, bowel distension, headaches, muscle aches, poor concentration and memory, insomnia and many other symptoms too numerous to list.
It never ceases to amaze me that most of these symptoms, if not all, can disappear in less than 15 days! After 15 days of detoxifying on an alkaline diet, patients report high energy levels, clear and glowing skin with a brilliance that is obvious (I always say to myself that I should take a before-detox and after-detox photo), weight loss of several pounds, which is an excellent motivating factor to continue with the weight loss programme, clear-headedness, higher thresholds for stress and tension, reduced cellulite, good body tone and a great feeling of being relaxed.
All these toxins that I have mentioned here eventually move into the adipose (fat) cells and your adipose tissues. These adipocytes (fatty cells and tissues) are different from ordinary cells. These cells are mostly made up of fatty wastes. As the stored-up sediment and sludge accumulate, they actually push out the movable cytoplasm and glue themselves to the adipocytes. More and more sludge builds up, and weight accumulates. As these adipocytes swell and proliferate, the amount of adipose tissue increases, ultimately erupting in ever-expanding obesity. To control this obesity and reverse the process, it is absolutely crucial that you remove these wastes from your adipocytes. This will help to `slim down’ your cells, and subsequently your body too. How do we do this? Simply, by staying with fresh fruit, vegetables (salads, steamed vegetables or soups), fruit and veg juices and herbal teas for 15 days. Perhaps after Christmas (when we all need to detoxify), I will talk about detoxifying in a lot more detail.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE THYROID TO WEIGHT LOSS!
You cannot lose weight if your thyroid gland is under active – period! I have many clients who upon mentioning the thyroid during a consultation, say, “Oh! I have had my thyroid tested and it was just fine.” Then I explain the following:
One must understand that the blood and urine tests that M.D.’s normally run looking for pathology or disease. They have certain `pathological parameters’ that cover about 5% of the population. If you fall into these parameters then you are said to be ill, or suffering from some pathology of some organ system or other. This is clear cut. However, if you do not fall into the pathological parameters, does this mean that you are automatically at the other end of the health continuum, which is Optimum Health? “Certainly not,” would be my answer! There is also a huge gray area in between that means that the thyroid has left the continuum of perfect health, and is gradually moving towards pathology, it just has not got there.
The thyroid may be just a tiny gland around the Adam’s Apple of the throat, but it stimulates oxidative metabolism, thereby increasing the oxygen consumption of each cell. As Dr. Barne’s, one of the pioneers in thyroid research for over 50 years, said, “Cellular health depends on three factors, a steady supply of nutrients, oxygen and thyroid hormones.” Thyroid hormones also stimulate protein synthesis, that is, the build-up of protein from amino acids. Protein is necessary for replacing worn-out blood cells and for the manufacture of enzymes, which as we have already seen, moderate the speed at which biochemical reactions take place within body cells. The less enzymes due to thyroid malfunctioning, the slower will be the chemical reactions, including the burning up of fat. Crucial to weight loss! Thyroid hormone also potentates the effect of other body hormones such as adrenaline, is necessary for the secretion of sex-activating hormones such as the gonadotropins of the pituitary gland and is, in large part, responsible for controlling the rate of absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract.
So, the little thyroid gland basically controls the metabolism of all the cells of the body, this is why I have called it `The Metabolism Master Gland.’ All the biochemical activity of the cells slow down in cases of hypothyroidism, which means that it is extremely difficult to lose weight. Also, there is a characteristic accumulation of a mucin-like substance called hyaluronic acid, which binds water. The most frequent complaint of such patients is that they accumulate fluid around the eyes, hands, ankles and feet. Such people could be carrying anything between 2-5 kg of fluid, a lot of unnecessary weight.
There is a simple home test that was developed by Dr. Broda Barnes which is called the Barne’s Basal Temperature Test (BBTT). Dr. Barnes in August 1942, reported in The Journal of the American Medical Association on a large study with one thousand college students whose temperatures were taken and showed that this test correlated well with thyroid functioning. What Dr. Barnes found was that the normal and temperature using a mercury clinical thermometer left for exactly 10 minutes in the range of 97.8 to 98.2 degrees Fahrenheit. A temperature BELOW 97.8 degrees centigrade) indicated hypothyroidism or under functioning thyroid. If it was above 98.2 this indicated over functioning or hyperthyroidism. He found as he began treating these patients with thyroid therapy, their temperatures began to rise. I will not go into the details of the BBTT here. The only thing that I will add is it is possible to kick-start the thyroid by feeding it with L-Tyrosine and Organic Iodine. I have managed to reverse sub-clinical hypothyroidism using just these two natural substances, as I explain in my book.
FOOD INTOLERANCES – A CURSE IN DISGUISE!
When I first began seeing patients for weight loss a few years ago, one of my first clients was a large man weighing 150 kg or 3301bs. He had tried on numerous occasions to lose weight but all attempts had failed and he was truly frustrated and decided not to try again. Recently, however, he had a somewhat embarrassing health problem that led him to my doorstep. As he did not have any other major health problems, I began him on the detoxification programme and in 15 days he lost a staggering 10 kg or 22 lbs! We were both well pleased with ourselves, so I put him on the 1,500 calorie diet and Dr. D’Adamo’s blood group diet. Over the next 3 months he lost only 3 kg or 6 lbs. I began to wonder what was going wrong after the initial spurt.
As I had been testing people for food intolerances using the VEGA Bio-Dermal Screening equipment that I have installed in my office, I decided to call him in and test him for a wide variety of foods. We found that he was reacting to three different foods – wheat, coffee and tomatoes. These foods had been his staples for many years as he was a sailor spending months on the high seas eating sandwiches and drinking plenty of coffee. I suggested that he cut these out of his diet all together and see what happens. In the next month he lost 8 kg and in the month after another 8 kg. He continued to lose weight so that in a period of 7 months he had lost 48 kg or 105 lbs. This all began to happen AFTER we diagnosed the food intolerances, and not before.
One of the problems related to weight loss is that food intolerances can reduce the metabolic rate for up to 72 hours after eating the food allergen – the quantity is really insignificant. This is why it is literally impossible to lose weight while eating food allergens.
NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES – THE METABOLISM CRUSHER!
In order to optimize your metabolic rate, so that you may lose weight more efficiently, you must provide yourself with all the basic ingredients that it requires to function properly. The basic ingredients that it requires are the nutrients that we get, or should get, from our foods. These contain the vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, fatty acids and others that are all used by the body to produce the various enzymes, the hormones (including the thyroid hormones) as well as every other cell, tissue, muscle, bone and chemical that the body produces, not to mention its vital energy source. Without these fundamental building blocks the body will compensate by making metabolic changes on the one hand, with sub-optimal functioning on the other. This is why I have called these nutritional deficiencies as metabolism crushers – any deficiency in these crucial building blocks and the metabolism can be crushed. It is therefore important to determine what specific deficiencies you have, and what you can do to supplement in order to optimize the efficiency of your metabolism, and thereby lose weight quickly and efficiently.
Many people, including doctors, believe that if we eat a variety of everything, then we should not have any nutrient deficiencies. Research that has been done worldwide has shown that this is simply not the case. American studies have shown that one in three households show diets that are deficient in calcium and vitamin B6, one in every four households show deficiencies in magnesium, one in every five are deficient in iron and vitamin A, and nine out of ten women have inadequate iron in their diet. Results that I have from over 1,000 patients in Cyprus show similar trends – these are Tissue Hair Mineral Analyses.
No doubt, the diet trends present in today’s society are partly responsible for these nutrient deficiencies. Low fat products are usually low in the fat soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K. Intensive farming practices, domestication of animals and fish, agrochemical usage, food processing and packing, food preparation, poor digestion and absorption and stressful lifestyles are all important factors that have depleted us of crucial nutrients. Needless to say, many medications can also affect vitamin and mineral absorption. This is why I say to my patients that nutritional supplementation with a good multi is a necessary evil in today’s world – perhaps our grandparents did not need to supplement as they were eating organic produce from the soil.
BLOOD TYPE AND DIETING – ONE MAN’S MEAT IS ANOTHER MANS’S POISON!
“One man’s meat is another man’s poison” – how many times have we heard this statement and laughed? But now scientific research has managed to prove that this is exactly the case.
Dr. Peter D’Adamo, a second-generation Naturopathic Physician, has been continuing his father’s work for the last decade or so. His father, James D’Adamo, noticed back in the 1960’s whilst observing patients in the great spas of Europe, that some of the patients improved on the `spa cuisine’, while others did not, and some even got worse. After a number of years of observation, James noticed that some blood groups, such as blood group A seemed to do poorly on a high-protein diet, but did very well on vegetable proteins such as soy and tofu. Dairy products tended to produce copious amounts of mucous discharge in the sinuses and respiratory passages of Type As.
On the other hand, Type O patients thrived on high-protein diets. These observations caught the attention of Peter, the son, who began to research this phenomenon of blood groups and diet systematically. The result was his book 4 Blood Types, 4 Diets: Eat Right 4 Your Type, which has now been followed up by his latest book entitled The Eat Right Diet. The following material is taken from these top-selling books, which apart from helping us lose weight, more importantly help us to improve our health. It should be a reference book in all households that are interested in improving the health of the family, and specifically for those wanting to lose weight using this revolutionary and new principle based on 12 years of scientific research by Dr. Peter D’Adamo.
The dynamics of weight loss are related to the changes your body makes when you follow your genetically tailored diet. There are two factors. First, as your body begins to eliminate foods that are poorly digested or toxic, it begins to remove a huge toxic load from the adipocytes mentioned above. This means that the fat cells or adipocytes will begin to shrink, and you will begin to lose weight as a consequence.
Depending on your blood type, the lectin activity of certain foods may do the following:
* Inflame the digestive tract lining.
* Interfere with the digestive process, causing bloating.
* Slow down the rate of food metabolism, so you don’t efficiently burn calories for energy.
* Compromise the production of insulin.
* Upset the hormonal balance, causing water retention (oedema), thyroid disorders, and other problems.
These are general problems that can occur from the lectin content of each food family. So, depending on your blood group, there are certain foods that can affect the metabolism and interfere with weight loss.
WEIGHT GAIN AND STRESS!
You are stressed out at work – things have not been going too well for you – the promotion that you were promised last year has been postponed due to economic pressures the company is facing. You are having problems paying for that new car that you know you should have waited a little while longer for. There is a little tension in the marriage, as your husband has just changed jobs and he is also under a lot of pressure adjusting to the new environment and people. You also have to contend with a 10 year-old son who has been termed a `slow-learner’ by the school counselor. You are working hard to help him keep up, but this further adds to the tension.
When you are working so hard trying to keep your head above water, juggling with the problems of life, don’t you need to give yourself some type of gratification? Yes, this is human nature, and many people when they are in this state of tension and despondency, will begin to eat. Eating will give them immediate gratification for their toil and trouble will make them feel better temporarily, but it does not actually solve any of their problems. On an emotional level it probably adds to their troubles as they begin to feel guilty for having broken their diet, and eaten something that they should not have. Guilt is an active ingredient for depression and can weigh on one’s conscience, as well as leading to frustration and a state of learned helplessness. “There’s not a lot I can do about it at the moment, so at least let me enjoy a little something until things get better,” you hear your subconscious telling you. This sets up a vicious cycle of more eating, feeling bad, eating more to alleviate the bad feeling, only to find that you’ve entered the cycle again. Under stress, fat and obese people tend to eat beyond the point of satiety, to gratify the mouth even at the expense of straining the stomach.
Getting fat or being obese is usually a result of a problem, and the root of these problems is usually:
• Excess stress
• Lifestyle and peer pressure
• Poor self-image (unhappiness, depression)
All of the above
If you believe this, and you have probably experienced this on many occasions, then you will understand and agree that STRESS can be another metabolism blocker. In my book I discuss in some depth the use of the Bach Flower Remedies to deal with this stress, as I strongly believe that these remedies are not only simple and effective, but are an uncelebrated miracle for stress control.
There are other factors such as reactive hypoglycaemia and Candidiasis that are important in weight control, but we can discuss these at some other time.